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Hieroglyphs

 

Ancient Egypt for kids - Hieroglyphs and Hieroglyphics

The history of ancient Egypt and the significance and meanings of Hieroglyphs and Hieroglyphics

Egyptian Gods

 

Hieroglyphs
Discover the secrets of the ancient hieroglyphs and hieroglyphics used by the ancient Egyptians. Interesting facts and information about the hieroglyphs used in ancient Egypt. Fascinating facts and information about the history, symbols and alphabet in Hieroglyphs including a simple translation of Egyptian Hieroglyphs for kids and children. The Images and wall paintings of the ancient Egyptians are full of symbols and signs using the ancient writing of Hieroglyphics. The ancient Egyptians called Hieroglyphics "the language of the gods". Understanding the meanings of ancient Hieroglyphs enables a fuller understanding of ancient Egyptian history and art. Explore the fascinating world of Hieroglyphs.

 

Hieroglyphs and Hieroglyphics - The "Language of the Gods"
The Egyptian writing called hieroglyphics used more than 700 pictures, signs and symbols to represent different objects, actions, sounds and ideas. Some pictures stood for whole words. The subject of Egyptian hieroglyphs and hieroglyphics is therefore complex but the simple facts and information detailed in the fact sheets provide a fast overview of the subject including the history, definition, symbols and alphabet in hieroglyphs including a simple translation of Egyptian Hieroglyphs for kids, schools and homework. The Fact Sheet format is an ideal format for conveying the basic principles of the ancient Egyptian form of writing referred to as hieroglyphs and hieroglyphics. Egyptian hieroglyphs and hieroglyphics can be seen in art, artefacts, relics found in the tombs, temples, and manuscripts of ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptians also used hieroglyphics to decorate jewelry and other expensive items. Your understanding of ancient Egypt will increase as you gain an understanding of hieroglyphs and hieroglyphics, the language of the gods.
 

Definition of Hieroglyphs and Hieroglyphics
What is the difference between the word 'hieroglyphs' and 'hieroglyphics', if any? The short answer is there is no difference in modern language. They are both commonly used to describe ancient Egyptian writing. Hieroglyph is simply a shortening of the word hieroglyphic.   
 

Definition of Hieroglyphs and Hieroglyphics

Definition of Hieroglyphics:Definition: Hieroglyphics consists of a writing system, developed in ancient Egypt, that use picture symbols to convey concepts and ideas.
 
Definition of Hieroglyph:Definition: A Hieroglyph is a pictographic character in the ancient Egyptian writing system, or picture language, and was invented before 3000 BC. Hieroglyphs were the letters (characters) used in hieroglyphics.
 
Definition of Glyph:Definition: A Glyph consists of picture symbols and pictographs, symbols in which objects were represented by a miniature, often stylized, drawing
 
Etymology:The origin of the word Hieroglyph is made from two Greek words which, together, translate as 'Holy Carving' or  'Holy Writing':
  • Hieros meaning holy
  • Glyphe meaning carving


Picture of Anubis and Hieroglyphics

Anubis with symbols

 

 

 

 

 

The Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

 

Hieroglyphs and Hieroglyphics - Numbers or Numerals
The numbers or numerals used in the Hieroglyphs are shown in the following picture. By combining the following hieroglyphics, any number could be constructed. The higher value signs were always written in front of the lower value symbols. The meaning of the numeral hieroglyphs are as follows:

The Hieroglyphics Alphabet
The following chart contains pictures, facts and information about the Hieroglyphics alphabet

Stone Hieroglyphics

The Hieroglyphics Alphabet Chart

Hieroglyphics Alphabet Letters

HieroglyphLetter

Facts about the Hieroglyphics Alphabet


Letter A in Hieroglyphics:
Letter A in Hieroglyphics AlphabetA
There are two hieroglyphs for the letter "A" representing the different sounds of the letter.
Picture: Vulture
Name: Aleph
 
Letter a in Hieroglyphics:Letter a in Hieroglyphics AlphabetaPicture: Arm
Name: Ain
Letter B in Hieroglyphics:Letter B in Hieroglyphics AlphabetBPicture: Foot / Lower Leg
Letter D in Hieroglyphics:Letter D in Hieroglyphics AlphabetdPicture: Hand
Letter F in Hieroglyphics:Letter F in Hieroglyphics AlphabetFPicture: Horned Viper

Letter G in Hieroglyphics:
Letter G in Hieroglyphics AlphabetGPicture: Jar
Pronunciation: "auh"
 
Letter H in Hieroglyphics:Letter H in Hieroglyphics AlphabetHThere are two hieroglyphs for the letter "H" representing the different sounds of the letter.
Picture: Wick
Letter H in Hieroglyphics:Letter H in Hieroglyphics AlphabethPicture: Courtyard
Letter J in Hieroglyphics:Letter J in Hieroglyphics AlphabetJPicture: Reed
Letter K in Hieroglyphics:Letter K in Hieroglyphics AlphabetKPicture: Basket with handle
Letter M in Hieroglyphics:Letter M in Hieroglyphics AlphabetMPicture: Owl
Letter N in Hieroglyphics:Letter N in Hieroglyphics AlphabetNPicture: Water

Letter P in Hieroglyphics:
Letter P in Hieroglyphics AlphabetPPicture: Stool
Letter Q in Hieroglyphics:Letter Q in Hieroglyphics AlphabetQPicture: Hill
Letter R in Hieroglyphics:Letter R in Hieroglyphics AlphabetRPicture: Mouth
Letter S in Hieroglyphics:Letter S in Hieroglyphics AlphabetSPicture: Pool
Letter S in Hieroglyphics:Letter S in Hieroglyphics AlphabetsPicture: Folded Linen
Letter T in Hieroglyphics:Letter T in Hieroglyphics AlphabetTThere are two hieroglyphs for the letter "A" representing the different sounds of the letter.
Picture: Loaf of Bread
Letter T in Hieroglyphics:Letter T in Hieroglyphics AlphabetThPicture: Tethering Rope
Letter W in Hieroglyphics:Letter W in Hieroglyphics AlphabetWPicture: Quail / Chick
Letter X in Hieroglyphics:Letter X in Hieroglyphics AlphabetXThere are two hieroglyphs for the letter "X" representing the different sounds of the letter.
Picture: Sieve
Letter X in Hieroglyphics:Letter X in Hieroglyphics AlphabetXPicture: Abdomen
Letter Y in Hieroglyphics:Letter J in Hieroglyphics AlphabetYPicture: Reed Leaf
Letter Z in Hieroglyphics:letter Z in Hieroglyphics AlphabetZPicture: Door bolt

Hieroglyphics Alphabet Letters

HieroglyphLetter

Facts about the Hieroglyphics Alphabet

The Hieroglyphics Alphabet Chart

 

Hieroglyphs

  • Interesting information and Facts about Hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt
  • The symbolism of ancient Hieroglyphs and Hieroglyphics of the Egyptians
  • History of Hieroglyphs for kids
  • Facts and information about the gods and deities of of classical Egypt for schools, research and kids
  • Facts and info about Hieroglyphs for kids and schools

The Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

 

Facts about Hieroglyphs
The following picture depicts hieroglyphs and hieroglyphics displayed in the tomb paintings of Mentuhotep II. The pharaoh is depicted wearing the White Crown  of Egypt that represented Upper Egypt (the South of Egypt) and wears the false plaited beard with an upward pointing curl called an “osird” or “the divine beard". Refer to the article for additional information on other
Egyptian Symbols. The picture also shows the cartouche of the pharaoh in hieroglyphs and hieroglyphics. A cartouche is an oblong magical rope which was drawn to contain the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics that spelt out the name of a Pharaoh of Egypt, an important piece of information when learning to understand and translate the meaning of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs and hieroglyphics.

Cartouche Mentuhotep

Hieroglyphs from tomb paintings of Mentuhotep II

Hieroglyphs from tomb paintings of Mentuhotep II with his Cartouche 

Facts about Hieroglyphs

Facts about Hieroglyphs

Subject

Information and Interesting Facts about Hieroglyphs


Hieroglyphs Fact 1:
History
The Hieroglyph system of writing was developed over 3000 years ago. The earliest known examples of writing in Egypt have been dated to 3,400 BC
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 2:History - the Romans

 

The Hieroglyph system of writing fell into decline when the Romans conquered Egypt.
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 3:History - the lost writing system

 

The Romans conquered Egypt in 30 BC Egypt when the country became a province of the Roman Empire (30BC - 641 AD). Within one hundred years the Egyptians were writing in Latin, hieroglyphics were forgotten and became a 'thing of the past'
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 4:History - The Rosetta StoneNo one could decipher the meanings of Egyptian hieroglyphics were a total mystery for 1500 years until the Rosetta Stone was discovered in 1799 at Rosetta (Rashid) in the Nile Delta.
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 5:History - The Rosetta Stone

 

The Rosetta Stone contains a royal decree of a Pharaoh which had the same message written in bands of three different languages: Ancient Greek, hieroglyphics, and demotic (the language of the ancient Egyptians).
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 6:History - The Rosetta Stone

 

The Ancient Greek language was known by linguists and the text inscriptions on the stone gave the first clues to deciphering and translating ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 7:History
 Rosetta Stone &
Champollion
 
Jean-Francois Champollion, a French historian and linguist, became known as the translator of the Rosetta Stone in 1822. The work of deciphering the hieroglyphs continued after the death of Champollion and still continues today.
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 8:Hieroglyphics

 

The ancient Egyptians called Hieroglyphics "the language of the gods" and they were used mainly by the priests, royalty and civil officials.
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 9:GlyphsThe hieroglyphic system of writing used in ancient Egypt had between 700 and 800 basic symbols, called glyphs. The arrangement of glyphs was based partly on artistic considerations
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 10:TranslationHieroglyphics are written in horizontal rows or vertical columns and can be read from left to right or from right to left.
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 11:TranslationThe direction in which the text is to be read is indicated as the human (or animal) figures always face towards the beginning of the line
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 12:TranslationThe upper symbols are read before the lower symbols
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 13:TranslationThe Egyptians did not write all the vowels (e,i,o,u) in Hieroglyphics
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 14:TranslationHieroglyphics were written using only consonants
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 15:TranslationThere are not hieroglyphics for all of the letters used in our alphabet such as such as 'e' or 'v'
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 16:Writing NumbersThe numbers or numerals used in the Hieroglyphs used pictures or symbols that could be combined to denote any number - see below.
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 17:PictogramsSome of the Symbols and Signs used in the Hieroglyphics of ancient Egypt were similar to simple pictograms conveying stories and meanings through pictures of symbols and signs that signify and resemble the shapes of physical objects or people.
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 18:Hieroglyphics

 

Hieroglyphics are characters in any system of writing in which symbols represent objects (such as animals or boats) and ideas (such as happiness, motion and time).
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 19:Types of Hieroglyphics

 

There are two basic types of hieroglyphs called ideograms and phonograms. The same image could be used as both an ideogram and a phonogram.
Hieroglyphs Fact 20:Ideagrams

 

An Ideagram, or logogram, is a form of Hieroglyphic which conveys complex ideas, feelings and emotions. An ideagram  (or logogram) represents an entire word.
 
Hieroglyphs Fact 21:Phonograms

 

A phonogram is an image that can represent a spoken sound.

 

Hieroglyphs Fact 22:Determinative

 

The Egyptians usually constructed their hieroglyphs by putting phonograms at the beginning of a word. Some phonograms were followed by an type of ideogram called a determinative. The determinative is a glyph that carries no phonetic value but is added at the end of a word to clarify the meaning.
 

Facts about Hieroglyphs

 

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